5 Most Common Types of Modern Slavery
There's nothing "modern" in slavery and yet we call it Modern Slavery! More than 40 million people are estimated to be victims of modern slavery and one in four of those are children. You would expect to talk about slavery in poor countries from Asia or Africa, but its happening right under your nose in the Occident. It is happening right now, and it impacts across every level of society.
You may think we're talking only about sex slavery but NO! Food, catering, cleaning, construction and textiles are among the industries that are at the highest risk of modern slavery and exploitation.
Women forced into prostitution. People forced to work in agriculture, domestic work and factories. Children in sweatshops producing goods sold globally. Entire families forced to work for nothing to pay off generational debts. Girls forced to marry older men.
Human trafficking can include, but does not require, movement. People may be considered trafficking victims regardless of whether they were born into a state of servitude, were exploited in their home town, were transported to the exploitative situation, previously consented to work for a trafficker, or participated in a crime as a direct result of being trafficked. At the heart of this phenomenon is the traffickers’ aim to exploit and enslave their victims and the myriad coercive and deceptive practices they use to do so.
Take a look below at the most common types of Modern Slavery and do your best to report it if you see anything suspicious
Sex Trafficking and Sex Slavery
When an adult engages in a commercial sex act, such as prostitution, as the result of force, threats of force, fraud, coercion or any combination of such means, that person is a victim of trafficking. Each day, thousands of women and children are sexually exploited. Each day, thousands of women and children are sexually exploited.
Being able to identify and disrupt the manifestations of trafficking in our communities is key to eradicate human trafficking networks and help survivors. From sex trafficking within escort services to labour trafficking of farmworkers, the ways humans are exploited differ greatly. Each type has unique strategies for recruiting and controlling victims, and concealing the crime
Bonded Labor or Debt Bondage
Debt bondage, also known as debt slavery or bonded labour, is a person's pledge of labour or services as security for the repayment for a debt or other obligation. One form of coercion used by traffickers in both sex trafficking and forced labor is the imposition of a bond or debt. Some workers inherit debt; for example, in South Asia it is estimated that there are millions of trafficking victims working to pay off their ancestors’ debts. Others fall victim to traffickers or recruiters who unlawfully exploit an initial debt assumed, wittingly or unwittingly, as a term of employment. Traffickers, labor agencies, recruiters, and employers in both the country of origin and the destination country can contribute to debt bondage by charging workers recruitment fees and exorbitant interest rates, making it difficult, if not impossible, to pay off the debt.
The services required to repay the debt may be undefined, and the services' duration may be undefined.
Arts and entertainment Slavery
Traffickers include recruiters and executives in model management companies ranging from small independent agencies to large corporate entities, as well as individual “coaches” in athletics. The study has reported 102 cases of human trafficking, 79% are female victims and 21% minors.
Forced labor, sometimes also referred to as labor trafficking, encompasses the range of activities—recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining—involved when a person uses force or physical threats, psychological coercion, abuse of the legal process, deception, or other coercive means to compel someone to work.
People working abroad as cooks, bus staff, and wait staff agriculture and construction may be exploited, with traffickers often taking advantage of language barriers between exploited workers and patrons, and in some cases other workers
Workers can enter their exploitative situations through formal job offers and misrepresented visa contracts.
Child marriage and Forced marriage
Marriage involving children under 18-years-old remains a widely culturally accepted practice in many corners of the globe. UNICEF estimates that 11% of women worldwide were married before reaching the age of 15. Although boys can be affected by the practice, it is mostly girls who suffer slavery as a consequence of child marriage.
hild marriage can be referred to as slavery, if one or more of the following elements are present:
-If the child has not genuinely given their free and informed consent to enter the marriage
-If the child is subjected to control and a sense of “ownership” in the marriage itself, particularly through abuse and threats and is exploited by being forced to undertake domestic chores within the marital home or labour outside it, and/or engage in non-consensual sexual relations
-If the child cannot realistically leave or end the marriage, leading potentially to a lifetime of slavery.
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